Acquiring Croatian citizenship through descent (emigration) is of particular interest to individuals of Croatian descent whose ancestors emigrated from Croatia. This path to citizenship provides a unique opportunity for people to reestablish their connections with the country of their roots. In this article, we will explore the process of acquiring Croatian citizenship through emigration, often colloquially referred to as the process of obtaining Croatian citizenship by descent.
According to the Croatian Citizenship Act, an emigrant is a person who emigrated from the territory of the Republic of Croatia before October 8, 1991, with the intention of permanently living abroad. Additionally, a member of the Croatian nation who emigrated from the territory that was part of the former states in which today’s Republic of Croatia was located at the time of emigration is also considered an emigrant.
An individual is not considered an emigrant if they:
In addition to emigrants, individuals can obtain Croatian citizenship through this legal basis, including:
In order for a person to acquire the citizenship of the Republic of Croatia through this legal basis, they must meet the following conditions prescribed by the Croatian Citizenship Act:
Previously, competent authorities would assess the applicant’s knowledge of the Croatian language and the Latin script. However, this language test is no longer conducted, and individuals applying for Croatian citizenship through emigration (ancestors of Croats) are not required to prove their knowledge of the Croatian language and the Latin script.
Interested individuals must submit an application for Croatian citizenship to the relevant authorities (responsible for consular affairs of the Republic of Croatia in their country) in person, in a form prescribed by the law, and along with all necessary documents that prove eligibility for acquiring citizenship through this legal basis, along with the additional supporting documentation required by the competent authorities. All the documentation must be properly certified and translated into the Croatian language.
Acquiring Croatian citizenship by emigration (through ancestors) is a significant and often personally fulfilling journey for individuals of Croatian descent. It provides an opportunity to reconnect with the country of their ancestors. While the process may be complex, the reward of obtaining Croatian citizenship is a strong and lasting connection to a beautiful country with a rich history and culture. If you are considering this path, consulting a legal expert is a wise decision to inform yourself about all aspects of this process.
This article provides general legal information and should not be considered legal advice in specific situations. If you require specific legal advice, please feel free to reach out to me with confidence.
For additional information on other grounds for acquiring Croatian citizenship, you can visit: https://odvjetnik-jovanovic.hr/en/news/acquisition-of-croatian-citizenship/